Volume 8, Number 3 (9-2014)                   payavard 2014, 8(3): 220-234 | Back to browse issues page


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Moadab F, Ghanbari A, Salari A, Kazemnejad E, Sadaghi Sabet M, Pariad E. Study Status Of Self-Care Behaviors And Gender Differences In Patients With Heart Failure. payavard. 2014; 8 (3) :220-234
URL: http://payavard.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5473-en.html

1- Instructor, Nursing Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Nursing Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran , At-ghanbari@ gums.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor, Cardiovascular Department, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Biostatistics Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
5- Instructor, Nursing Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (3458 Views)

  Background and Aim: Gender in performing self-care behaviors is a non- modifiable factor. Despite the belief that women are better than men in self-care, there is little evidence to challenge this view. The purpose of this study was to determine the status of self-care behaviors in men and women with heart failure.

  Materials and Methods: In this analytical cross-sectional study, 239 patients with heart failure were assessed. Data were collected by Self-Care Heart Failure Index, Cardiac Depression scale, and Mini Mental status Examination questionnaires . Data were analyzed using SPSS version 19 , descriptive and inferential statistics (Chi-Square, Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis , t-test and Logistic regression ) .

  Results: Mean score of self-care behaviors in men and women was 44/60±12/05 and 39/71 ± 9/88 from 100 total score, respectively. In the regression model, gender was not a significant predictor of self-care in any dimensions but, there was a significant relationship between sex and self-care confidence (OR=0/52, CI=0/27-1/03), which indicated that women as compared to men have less chance of self-care behaviors due to their status of self-confidence.

  Conclusion : In attention to the point that women had worse self-care behaviors in all dimensions, it is suggested more attention be paid in identifying patients at risk of poor self-care behaviors while planning care and treatment for them, since they are more vulnerable and have more emotional effects of disease and gender should be regarded as a predictive factor.

 

Full-Text [PDF 347 kb]   (1588 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Hospital Managment
Received: 2014/10/27 | Accepted: 2014/10/27 | Published: 2014/10/27

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