Volume 8, Number 2 (7-2014)                   payavard 2014, 8(2): 169-175 | Back to browse issues page


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Ahmadi R, Eshghjoo S. The Effect Of Cigarette And Waterpipe Smoke On Serum Level Of Alanine Aminotransferase And Aspartate Aminotransferase In Male Rats. payavard. 2014; 8 (2) :169-175
URL: http://payavard.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5428-en.html

1- Assisstant Professor, Physiology Department, School of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan Branch, Hamedan, Iran
2- Master of Sciences Student in Biochemistry, Biochemistry Department, School of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran , Sahar.eshghjo@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2951 Views)

 Background and Aim: Smoking can influence liver or heart enzymes. The main aim of this study is to determine the effects of cigarette or waterpipe smoke on serum level of alanine aminotransferase (SGOT) or aspartate aminotransferase (SGPT) in male rats.

 Materials and Methods: In this experimental laboratory study, 15 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control groups of 5, and animals were exposed to cigarette and waterpipe smoke. After 6 weeks, blood samples were collected using cardiac puncture method. Following serum collection, levels of SGOT or SGPT were measured by spectroscopy method. Data were statistically analyzed and compared between groups using one-way ANOVA.

 Results: Serum levels of SGPT significantly increased in rats exposed to waterpipe and cigarette smoke compared with control animals (P<0.05), but serum levels of SGOT significantly increased only in animals exposed to waterpipe smoke. There was not a significant difference between serum levels of SGOT or SGPT in rats exposed to waterpipe or cigarette smoke.

 Conclusion: Waterpipe smoke -- like cigarette smoke -- has pathophysiological effects on liver and heart, which appears in elevated serum levels of SGOT and SGPT.

 

Full-Text [PDF 273 kb]   (1573 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Hospital Managment
Received: 2014/09/2 | Accepted: 2014/09/2 | Published: 2014/09/2

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